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Underground coal mining

Illustration showing how to dirll between  different levels in a coal mine

Degasification holes can considerably slow down production, but Wassara can significantly increase the productivity with a penetration rate of up to 5 times higher than traditional systems.

Increased productivity

Most underground coal mines suffer from methane gas releases from coal or surrounding rock strata, both during and after the mining process. Methane gas release represents a severe mining hazard and extensive ventilation is crucial to provide a safe work environment. For this reason, up to 200 meter long degasification holes are usually drilled. Since tophammers cannot handle such lengths and air DTH-hammers cannot be used due to the risk of explosions, slow and unproductive rotary non-percussive drilling is used.

Wassara on the other hand uses high-pressure water to power the hammer, thus eliminating the risk of explosions. This makes it the ideal drilling method for degasification holes. Additionally, the rate of penetration is usually up to 5 times as high as the traditional rotary non-percussive drilling systems, even when the same drill rig is used.

Fewer and more stable holes

Many underground coal mines are also associated with unstable rock formation which can cause the degasification hole to collapse. A collapsed degasification needs to be redrilled immediately since it represents a potential hazard in the form of insufficient ventilation. With the Wassara system, a symmetric or under-reamer casing system can be installed in the fractured ground to prevent the hole from collapsing. Wassara therefore increases the productivity even further since fewer holes needs to be drilled.