The rehabilitation of the Wolf Creek Dam in Kentucky, USA, started in 2007. Wassaras waterpowered drilling equipment was chosen for the drilling of both the Ø 95 mm (4”) boreholes for grouting as well as the Ø 200 mm (8”) pilot holes.
The water-powered technology proved to be both accurate and benign to the formation.
Max allowed borehole deviation for the project was 0.15%. Wassara both met the stringent requirements and kept the time schedule.
A troubled dam
The Wolf Creek Dam in Kentucky, USA is an earthen embankment and concrete gravity dam, 1 748 meters (5 736 ft.) long. Chronic leakage problems originating from 1940’s foundation construction methods were worsening and threatening the stability of the dam. In 2007, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers placed the dam under a ‘high risk for failure’ classification, along with the Center Hill Dam in Tennessee.
The Wolf Creek Dam Foundation Remediation is probably one of the most extensive and complex dam foundation remediation projects in the world.
In 2007, the contractor Treviicos Soletanche JV was contracted by the US Army Corps of Engineers, to construct a grout curtain at the Wolf Creek Dam. The contract is part of the major dam reinforcement project underway on the Cumberland River.
The plan is to seal the leaks, using a cement-injected diaphragm wall in combination with a grout curtain that extends approximately 1 280 meters (4 200 ft.) along the entire embankment and some 84 meters (275 ft.) down into the ground.
When completed, a total of 1 144 000 m3 (251 600 000 gal) cement has been inserted in the dam.
|DTH Hammer||W80 & W150 Hammer|
|Drill bit||Ø 95 mm (4”) and Ø 200 mm (8”)|
|Pump||WASP 150 Diesel|
|Drilling fluid||Clean water from the river|
|Rig||Cubex for the Ø 95 mm (4”) holes & Soilmec for |
the guided Ø 200 mm (8”) holes
|Borehole length||84 meters (275 ft.)|
|Scope of drilling||54 000 meters (180 000 ft.)|
|Geologic formation||Karstic limestone|
See our featured Case studies below to learn what real world Dam-projects our technology as been a part of.